Stomach ulcer and what you need to know about it


Stomach ulcer is otherwise called Gastric ulcers. It is a painful sore in the stomach lining or small intestine. Stomach ulcer is a type of peptic ulcer disease. Peptic ulcers affect both the stomach and the small intestine. Stomach ulcers occur when the protective mucus that protects the stomach from digestive juice is reduced. Therefore allowing the digestive acids to eat the tissues in the lining of the stomach. The ineffectiveness of the mucus that lines the stomach is what result to stomach ulcer. 

Our stomach produces a strong acid that aids the digestion of food and protects the system against microbes. To protect the tissues of the body from the strong acid, the stomach also secretes a thick layer of mucus which is meant to protect the stomach. Still, once the layer is worn out, it stops functioning, therefore, allowing the acid to damage the stomach tissue. 

Stomach ulcers are not very difficult to cure. However, stomach ulcers can cause crucial problems if you don't treat them properly. 

Causes stomach ulcers

The two major causes of a stomach ulcer include:

• An infection with the bacterium Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori). 

• Long term use of painkillers known as nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)

Other causes may include;

• Excess stomach acidity: This could be due to diverse reasons, like genetics, a particular food, smoking, etc. 

• Zollinger-Ellison syndrome; It Increases the body's production of acid. 

Symptoms of stomach ulcer

Common symptoms of stomach ulcer are;

Severe pain around the stomach or middle of your abdomen. Typically, this particular pain happens to be more painful when you haven't eaten. It lasts for a few minutes to hours. 

Another symptom of stomach ulcer is indigestion, which is called Dyspepsia. Indigestion causes discomfort and pain around the stomach area. In most cases, people mistake this symptom for heartburn, which is likely to co-occur. 

Some people tend to have a burning or dull pain in the stomach area, which is also a symptom of a stomach ulcer. Most people describe this pain as biting or gnawing, while other people see this symptom as a hungry sensation. 

Other symptoms of stomach ulcer may include:

• Bloating

• Nausea and vomiting

•Burping

• Weight loss 

• Anemia

• Unable to eat due to severe pain in the stomach area. 

In some cases, pain can be relieved by just eating, drinking, or taking antacids. 

However, you must know that some ulcers cause holes in the stomach wall known as perforation, and it is a necessary condition that needs a doctor's attention.  

Treating stomach ulcers

If you are treating ulcers, treatments differ based on the cause of your ulcer. Typical stomach ulcer patients can be treated with a doctor’s prescription, but crucial cases may require surgery. You must treat stomach ulcers as soon as you detect them in your body system. 

You might experience side effects while commencing a medication, but the side effects are typically temporary. If the side effects result in extreme discomfort, you need to talk to your doctor. 

It's important to note that eating a healthful diet can benefit your intestinal tract and your health as a whole. We'd advise you to eat more fruits, vegetables, and fiber.


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